Having been summoned home to Denmark from school in Germany to attend his father's funeral, he is shocked to find his mother Gertrude already remarried.
The tragedy is written in five acts and focuses entirely on Hamlet. The following Hamlet summary and analysis will give an idea of the philosophical depths Shakespeare could touch with the emotional stirring of the Prince and the intensity of life he could show through the characters. Act — I, Scene — 1 A platform before the Elsinore castle: On the darkest of nights where the cold can make anyone sick at heart, Francisco is guarding the castle and Bernardo another officer enters to own his shift and relieve Francisco for the night.
Bernardo inquires about the arrival of Marcellus, another officer and Horatio, friend of Hamlet. As Francisco answers of their absence, the two men enter and Francisco takes leave.
They speak in whispers about the ghost of their deceased and beloved King Hamlet. As the bell beats one at night, the ghost enters with spectre and armour resembling that of King Hamlet and fades away into the darkness. Horatio watches the ghost with fear, wonder and uncertainty as he recognizes the fierce armour of the King which he wore during the battle against Norway.
Horatio interprets that the ghost of King Hamlet is perhaps warning of a military attack as the prince of Norway — Fortinbras, is planning to re-conquer his land and glory.
As the three were discussing about the movement of Danish troops and the Norwegian prince, the ghost enters again and Horatio makes efforts to have a conversation with it. Horatio believes it is best to take his friend Hamlet to look at the apparition.
He assures that the ghost of King Hamlet will definitely speak to his son — Prince Hamlet; although, the ghost has been silent to them. Act — I, Scene — 2 Elsinore castle — State room: Claudius backs his decision by stating that the marriage was an act to balance the mourning atmosphere in Denmark and to save the Kingdom as well.
The new King talks of the intentions of young Fortinbras and sends the courtiers Voltimand and Cornelius to deliver a message to the elderly uncle of Fortinbras. The young boy desires to return to France and Polonius and Claudius agree with the wish of the boy.
Prince Hamlet is still seen in mourning clothes.
Claudius and Gertrude question him on the same and Hamlet talks of the mourning duties of a son to his beloved father. Claudius tries to make Hamlet understand that a son has to lose his father and it is the nature of life.
He even goes further to console the Prince and asks Hamlet to consider him as his father. Gertrude urges Hamlet to stay in Denmark and not to leave for Wittenberg.
Hamlet obeys the wishes of his mother; although, he seems not convinced with the decision of staying back himself.
However, the soliloquies of Hamlet are so philosophical and reflect the nature of life itself. He laments of his state and thinks if suicide was not a sin, it would have been a fair answer to all his questions. Horatio, friend of Prince Hamlet along with Marcellus and Bernardo enter the room.
After greeting each other and discussing a few things, Horatio unravels the apparition he witnessed and bids Hamlet to keep watch during the night.
Hamlet is stunned by the news brought by his friend and the courtiers.A summary of Act II, scene ii in William Shakespeare's Hamlet.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Hamlet and what it means.
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· SparkNotes are the most helpful a literary analysis of the hamlet by william shakespeare study guides around to literature, math, science, and more. Hamlet's Madness in William Shakespeare's Play The Elizabethan play Hamlet is one of William Shakespeare's most popular works written around the turn of the seventeenth century.
Hamlet is generally considered the foremost tragedy in English drama. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, often shortened to Hamlet (/ ˈ h æ m l ɪ t /), is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare at an uncertain date between and Set in Denmark, the play dramatises the revenge Prince Hamlet is called to wreak upon his uncle, Claudius, by the ghost of Hamlet's father, King Hamlet.