As this process takes place in a social context, it is inevitable to experience some problems while teaching the students having different needs, interests and levels. These problems may be caused by the students, teachers as well as the physical environment in which teaching and learning take place. It is clear that language teaching skill is not enough to handle these problems; teachers also need classroom management skills so that they are able to manage their classrooms.
Some of the important factors which may affect the learning process are as follows: The term refers to the individual mental level. Success in school is generally closely related to level of the intellect. Pupils with low intelligence often encounter serious difficulty in mastering schoolwork.
Sometimes pupils do not learn because of special intellectual disabilities. Psychology reveals to use that an individual possess different kinds to intelligence.
The native capacity of the individual is of prime importance in determining the effectiveness of the, learning process. Factors owing to lack of mastery of what has been taught, faulty methods of work or study, and narrowness of experimental background may affect the learning process of any pupil.
If the school proceeds too rapidly and does not constantly check up on the extent to which the pupil is mastering what is being taught, the pupil accumulates a number of deficiencies that interfere with successful progress.
Likewise, failure in history may be due to low reading ability or weakness in English. Similarly, because of faulty instruction, the pupil may have learned inefficient methods of study. Many other kinds of difficulty which are directly related to learning factors may interfere with progress.
Under this group are included such factors as health, physical development, nutrition, visual and physical defects, and glandular abnormality. It has been demonstrated that various glands of internal secretion, such as the thyroid and pituitary glands, affect behavior.
The health of the learner will likely affect his ability to learn and his power to concentrate. Attitude falls under mental factors attitudes are made up of organic and kinesthetic elements.
Attitudes are more or less of definite sort. They play a large part in the mental organization and general behavior of the individual.
Among these attitudes aw interest, cheerfulness, affection, prejudice, -open mindedness, and loyalty. Attitudes exercise a stimulating effect upon the rate of learning and teaching and upon the progress in school. The efficiency of the work from day to day and the rapidity with which it is achieved are influenced by the attitude of the learner.
A favorable mental attitude facilitates learning.
The factor of interest is very closely related in nature to that of symbolic drive and reward. Emotional and social factors: Personal factors, such as instincts and emotions, and social factors, such as cooperation and rivalry, are directly related to a complex psychology of motivation.
It is a recognized fact that the various responses of the individual to various kinds of stimuli are determined by a wide variety of tendencies.
For some reason a pupil may have developed a dislike for some subject because he may fail to see its value, or may lack foundation. This dislike results in a bad emotional state.
Some pupils are in a continuing state of unhappiness because of their fear of being victims of the disapproval of their teachers and classmates.
This is an unwholesome attitude and affects the learning process to a considerable degree. Social discontent springs from the knowledge or delusion that one is below others in welfare.considered the contributions of individual factors, school climate and environment factors, as well as Appalachian cultural identity as variables that all play a part in predicting levels of teacher professionals’ understanding of the specific contextual factors affecting teachers in the.
Jun 27, · A solid HR department is a must for any business, and both internal factors -- like compensation -- and external factors, like legislation, affect how the department works. In this introduction to the special issue about the environmental and contextual factors related to school violence, the authors examine what we know about school violence, how school violence has been addressed, and argue that environmental factors must .
This is a lot of information to get to a book recommendation at the end, but I hope the information along the way will be helpful. In occupational therapy, context refers to a variety of interrelated conditions including cultural, physical, social, personal, spiritual, temporal, and virtual factors that influence performance (AOTA, ).
Why Contextual factors are Important The most effective instruction and assessment comes from decisions made based on an objective understanding of the community, district, school, whole class characteristics and knowledge of your individual students’ strengths and abilities.
1 Measuring Environmental Factors and School Participation for Children with Disability. Concept Note. Contact: [email protected] Background The WG and UNICEF are currently working on the development of an extended set of questions on child.