Greek and roman culture

Archaic period in Greece Dipylon Vase of the late Geometric period, or the beginning of the Archaic period, c.

Greek and roman culture

Greek salad Traditional Greek tavernaintegral part of Greek culture and cuisine. Greek cuisine has a long tradition and its flavors change with the season and its geography. Ancient Greek cuisine was characterized by its frugality and was founded on the "Mediterranean triad": Greece has a culinary tradition of some 4, years.

Culinary advice was influenced by the theory of humors, first put forth by the ancient Greek doctor Claudius Aelius Galenus. Wine production[ edit ] Greece is one of the oldest wine - producing regions in the world. The earliest evidence of Greek wine has been dated to 6, years ago [11] [12] where wine was produced on a household or communal basis.

Classical Greece

In ancient times, as trade in wine became extensive, it was transported from end to end of the Mediterranean; Greek wine had especially high prestige in Italy under the Roman Empire. In the medieval period, wines exported from CreteMonemvasia and other Greek ports fetched high prices in northern Europe.

Education in Greece is compulsory for all children 6—15 years old; namely, it includes Primary Dimotiko and Lower Secondary Gymnasio Education. The school life of the students, however, can start from the age of 2.

In some Vrefonipiakoi Stathmoi there are also Nipiaka Tmimata nursery classes which operate along with the Nipiagogeia kindergartens.

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Post-compulsory Secondary Educationaccording to the reforms of andconsists of two main school types: These Institutes are not classified as an educational level, because they accept both Gymnasio lower secondary school and Lykeio upper secondary school graduates according to the relevant specializations they provide.

Students are admitted to these Institutes according to their performance at national level examinations taking place at the third grade of Lykeio. Additionally, students are admitted to the Hellenic Open University upon the completion of the 22 year of age by drawing lots.

Nea Dimokratia New Democracythe Greek conservative right political party, has claimed Greek and roman culture it will change the law so that private universities gain recognition.

Without official recognition, students who have an EES degree are unable to work in the public sector. However, their academic status still remains a problem. The issue of full recognition is still an issue of debate among Greek politicians.

The Institute of Entrepreneurship Development iED is a Greek Non-governmental organization formed for the promotion of innovation and for enhancing the spirit of entrepreneurship intending to link with other European initiatives.

Greek people Alexander the Great also known as Alexander III, king of Macedon, was one of the most successful military commanders in history. The origins of Western literature and of the main branches of Western learning may be traced to the era of Greek greatness that began before BC with the epics of Homerthe Iliad and the Odyssey.

Hesiodthe first didactic poet, put into epic verse his descriptions of pastoral life, including practical advice on farming, and allegorical myths. The poets Alcaeus of MytileneSapphoAnacreonand Bacchylides wrote of love, war, and death in lyrics of great feeling and beauty. Pindar celebrated the Panhellenic athletic festivals in vivid odes.

The fables of the slave Aesop have been famous for more than 2, years. Aristophanesthe greatest author of comedies, satirized the mores of his day in a series of brilliant plays. Three great historians were Herodotusregarded as the father of history, known for The Persian Wars; Thucydideswho generally avoided myth and legend and applied greater standards of historical accuracy in his History of the Peloponnesian War; and Xenophonbest known for his account of the Greek retreat from Persia, the Anabasis.

Outstanding literary figures of the Hellenistic period were Menanderthe chief representative of a newer type of comedy; the poets CallimachusTheocritusand Apollonius Rhodiusauthor of the Argonautica; and Polybiuswho wrote a detailed history of the Mediterranean world.

Noteworthy in the Roman period were Straboa writer on geography; Plutarchthe father of biography, whose Parallel Lives of famous Greeks and Romans is a chief source of information about great figures of antiquity; Pausaniasa travel writer; and Luciana satirist.

Socrates investigated ethics and politics. Outstanding in the Hellenistic period were Epicurusthe philosopher of moderation; Zeno of Citiumthe founder of Stoicism; and Diogenes of Sinopethe famous Cynic.

The oath of Hippocratesthe father of medicine, is still recited by newly graduating physicians. Euclid evolved the system of geometry that bears his name.

Archimedes discovered the principles of mechanics and hydrostatics. Galen was an outstanding physician of ancient times. He did most of his painting there during the late s and early s.

Greek and roman culture

The sculptor Phidias created the statue of Athena and the figure of Zeus in the temple at Olympia and supervised the construction and decoration of the Parthenon. Another renowned sculptor was Praxiteles. The legal reforms of Solon served as the basis of Athenian democracy.

The Athenian general Miltiades the Younger led the victory over the Persians at Marathon in BC, and Themistocles was chiefly responsible for the victory at Salamis 10 years later.

Periclesthe virtual ruler of Athens for more than 25 years, added to the political power of that city, inaugurated the construction of the Parthenon and other noteworthy buildings, and encouraged the arts of sculpture and painting.

With the decline of Athens, first Sparta and then Thebes, under the great military tactician Epaminondasgained the ascendancy; but soon thereafter, two military geniuses, Philip II of Macedon and his son Alexander the Greatgained control over all of Greece and formed a vast empire stretching as far east as India.

It was against Philip that Demosthenesthe greatest Greek orator, directed his diatribes, the Philippics.Roman education relied heavily on Greek writers, including Homer, and various aspects of Roman culture borrowed from Greece. For example, the Roman religion has similar gods to the ancient Greek religion, but with different names.

Classical Coins is an online store Specializing in Roman Coins for Sale, Ancient Coins for Sale, Ancient Greek Coins Buy Online, and Biblical Coins.

Learn Greek and Roman mythology names and descriptions! The predominant mythologies include gods and goddesses who interacted with humans, with good, bad, and indifferent motives.

Greek and roman culture Bulfinch's Greek and Roman Mythology: The Age of Fable (Dover Thrift Editions) (): Thomas Bulfinch: Books. Greek and Roman culture, although similar, are very different and interesting. Since the Romans adopted culture from the Greeks, many traditions are the same.

When the Romans conquered the Hellenistic cities, they became fascinated with the idea of a Greek style of doing things. All things Greek were now considered popular.

The 'culture of Greece has evolved over thousands of years, beginning in Mycenaean Greece, continuing most notably into Classical Greece, through the influence of the Roman Empire and its.

Ancient Greece - Wikipedia