View Full Essay Words: In the new technique, egg cells are split in half under a microscope using a very thin blade. The halves are allowed to heal and then a dye is introduced to identify the halves containing the nucleus" Baird,p.
Hire Writer He also appointed a Bioethical Committee to examine the legal and ethical issues surrounding the subject of a cloned human being. The Dolly cloned sheep raises many different questions concerning human rights and how we are to Misconception of cloning human beings essay those rights; in light of that it is necessary to define what human reproductive cloning is and is not to determine the ethical implications.
Definition of Human Reproductive Cloning Although there are several types of cloning, human reproductive cloning is confined to asexual reproduction, or reproduction without fertilization. Cloning occurs in nature when an early embryo divides into two separate embryos.
These monozygotic twins will be genetically identical. However, the procedure that produced Dolly is CNR. CNR includes two cells, a recipient, which is usually an egg, and a donor cell, such as a skin cell. The nucleus of the donor cell is introduced into the egg with electrical stimulation.
These pulses or exposures to chemicals induce the egg to develop until the resulting embryo can be implanted in a viable womb and then developed in the normal way to term, although the failure rate has been high using animal experiments, usually 1 or 2 per hundred. Cloning using this asexual method circumvents the requirements of a genetic contribution from two cells sperm and egg demonstrated in sexual reproduction.
Myths and Misconceptions of Human Reproductive Cloning There are many myths and misconceptions concerning human reproductive cloning. It is false to think that that the clone produced by CNR is the genetic child of the nucleus donor.
Clones are not Xerox copies because cloning only creates the genes of the ancestor, not what he has experienced or learned. Technically, it creates the genotype, not the phenotype. Half of who we are comes from our genes; the other half comes from the environment. Cloning can neither create what came from the environment, nor can it recreate memories.
It is genetic reductionism to believe a person is just determined by his genes. Another misconception believes that human cloning is replication; making children into commodities. However, just because children are created by people who want them using a new method, it does not mean that they are unloved.
The opposite is true because these children are created intentionally. Still another myth speculates that human cloning would reduce biological diversity.
Yet six billion people already dwell on earth. Thus, population genetics proves otherwise. Cloning is merely a tool which, if used for uniformity, would not work. Cloned people would mate with non-cloned people, producing genetic hybrids which would soon be normalized.
The fear that cloned people would have no souls; would be subhuman; is another great misconception. If a person has the same amount of chromosomes as a sexually created individual and was gestated in a human womb, it would be a human and a person and have a soul.
Others fear that artificial wombs would be created so cloned children could be grown in them creating a master race.
But science has never come close to replicating a human womb. The master race would not occur because a human womb continues to be needed for gestation Pence, p. Ethical Implications Many advocate human cloning as advantageous because it provides a means for infertile couples to have children.
However, the body of evidence on this sort of cloning is negative, counterbalancing the advantages. The use of cloning for the replication of human individuals is ethically unacceptable as it would violate some of the basic principles which govern medically assisted procreation, including respect for the dignity of the human being.
In the Bible it states in Genesis that God created man. Man is not to create man; otherwise there could be genetic determinism. Also, the technology for reproductive cloning could fall into evil hands, producing a hubris of playing god. In addition, scientists cannot foresee how they could factor in mental development.
All of these unethical practices can contribute to a loss of human dignity. Because of all these concerns, the Bioethics Committee appointed by President Clinton advised a continuing moratorium on human reproductive cloning, causing President Clinton to issue the ban, citing, What this legislation will do is to reaffirm our most cherished belief regarding the miracle of human life and the God given individuality each person possesses.
It will ensure that we do not fall prey to the temptation to replicate ourselves at the expense of those beliefs.Any research into human cloning would eventually need to be tested on human.
The ability to clone humans may lead to the genetic tailoring of offspring. The heart of the cloning debate is concerned with the genetic management of a human embryo before it begins development.
Argument Against Human Cloning essays The idea of cloning humans has always stirred debate, raising moral and ethical issues. As research and experiments continue delve into the frontiers of technology and science, we inch closer to the possibility of cloning becoming a reality.
In fact, it. MISCONCEPTION: The Hatch and Feinstein bills would “ban human cloning” or “ban the cloning of human beings.” REALITY: The Hatch and Feinstein bills do not ban human cloning. They ban transferring a cloned human embryo “into a uterus or the functional equivalent of a uterus” (the “functional equivalent” term is not defined), an.
The issue at hand is should human cloning be allowed in a society that seeks immortality in the name of science. I believe cloning is an evolutionary dead end and the use of cloning techniques to make ideal human would ultimately devalue life.
This is a model answer for a human cloning essay.
If you look at the task, the wording is slightly different from the common 'do you agree or disagree' essay. However, it is essentially asking the same thing. As people live longer and longer, the idea of cloning human beings in order to provide.
Human cloning, also known as human genetic engineering, can be divided into two main types, which are therapeutic cloning, growing cloned tissue from individual, and reproductive cloning, genetically identical copy of an individual.