Advertisement In Brief Decades of research by organizational scientists, psychologists, sociologists, economists and demographers show that socially diverse groups that is, those with a diversity of race, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation are more innovative than homogeneous groups. It seems obvious that a group of people with diverse individual expertise would be better than a homogeneous group at solving complex, nonroutine problems.
In the following scenes she appears to pinch, swipe and prod the pages of paper magazines as though they too were screens.
When nothing happens, she pushes against her leg, confirming that her finger works just fine—or so a title card would have us believe. Perhaps his daughter really did expect the paper magazines to respond the same way an iPad would.
Or maybe she had no expectations at all—maybe she just wanted to touch the magazines. Young children who have never seen a tablet like the iPad or an e-reader like the Kindle will still reach out and run their fingers across the pages of a paper book; they will jab at an illustration they like; heck, they will even taste the corner of a book.
Nevertheless, the video brings into focus an important question: How exactly does the technology we use to read change the way we read? How Reading is beneficial research paper on screens differs from reading on paper is relevant not just to the youngest among usbut to just about everyone who reads—to anyone who routinely switches between working long hours in front of a computer at the office and leisurely reading paper magazines and books at home; to people who have embraced e-readers for their convenience and portability, but admit that for some reason they still prefer reading on paper; and to those who have already vowed to forgo tree pulp entirely.
As digital texts and technologies become more prevalent, we gain new and more mobile ways of reading—but are we still reading as attentively and thoroughly? How do our brains respond differently to onscreen text than to words on paper?
Should we be worried about dividing our attention between pixels and ink or is the validity of such concerns paper-thin? Since at least the s researchers in many different fields—including psychology, computer engineering, and library and information science—have investigated such questions in more than one hundred published studies.
The matter is by no means settled. Before most studies concluded that people read slower, less accurately and less comprehensively on screens than on paper. Studies published since the early showever, have produced more inconsistent results: And recent surveys suggest that although most people still prefer paper—especially when reading intensively—attitudes are changing as tablets and e-reading technology improve and reading digital books for facts and fun becomes more common.
Even so, evidence from laboratory experimentspolls and consumer reports indicates that modern screens and e-readers fail to adequately recreate certain tactile experiences of reading on paper that many people miss and, more importantly, prevent people from navigating long texts in an intuitive and satisfying way.
In turn, such navigational difficulties may subtly inhibit reading comprehension. Compared with paper, screens may also drain more of our mental resources while we are reading and make it a little harder to remember what we read when we are done.
Whether they realize it or not, many people approach computers and tablets with a state of mind less conducive to learning than the one they bring to paper.
I would like to preserve the absolute best of older forms, but know when to use the new. We often think of reading as a cerebral activity concerned with the abstract—with thoughts and ideas, tone and themes, metaphors and motifs. As far as our brains are concerned, however, text is a tangible part of the physical world we inhabit.
In fact, the brain essentially regards letters as physical objects because it does not really have another way of understanding them. As Wolf explains in her book Proust and the Squid, we are not born with brain circuits dedicated to reading. After all, we did not invent writing until relatively recently in our evolutionary history, around the fourth millennium B.
So the human brain improvises a brand-new circuit for reading by weaving together various regions of neural tissue devoted to other abilities, such as spoken language, motor coordination and vision. Some of these repurposed brain regions are specialized for object recognition —they are networks of neurons that help us instantly distinguish an apple from an orange, for example, yet classify both as fruit.
Just as we learn that certain features—roundness, a twiggy stem, smooth skin—characterize an apple, we learn to recognize each letter by its particular arrangement of lines, curves and hollow spaces. Some researchers see traces of these origins in modern alphabets: C as crescent moon, S as snake.
Especially intricate characters—such as Chinese hanzi and Japanese kanji —activate motor regions in the brain involved in forming those characters on paper: The brain literally goes through the motions of writing when reading, even if the hands are empty.
Researchers recently discovered that the same thing happens in a milder way when some people read cursive. Beyond treating individual letters as physical objects, the human brain may also perceive a text in its entirety as a kind of physical landscape.Decades of research by organizational scientists, psychologists, sociologists, economists and demographers show that socially diverse groups (that is, those with a diversity of race, ethnicity.
Free Reading papers, essays, and research papers. My Account. Your search cinema and the Internet. I believe they are wrong because reading is very beneficial in many ways. Good reading skills are very important in learning languages.
- This paper presents the two of the four main reading approaches to reading a text. In this paper. Reading to Young Children: A Head-Start in Life The research sets out to explore the connections between parents reading to their young children and their child’s later reading and other cognitive skills.
EasyBib — your online writing hub All the tools to submit your paper with confidence. Reading in a slow, focused, undistracted way is good for your brain.
Slow-reading advocates recommend at least 30 to 45 minutes of daily reading away from the distractions of modern technology. A listing of psychological research being conducted online.