Subsequent events caused by the revolution include the Napoleonic warsthe restoration of the monarchy, and two additional revolutions as modern France took shape. The longer term European consequences include the counter-enlightenment and romantic movement in Germany which arose in reaction to the imposition of French rationalist culture. This was accompanied by the reunification of Germany as a defensive measure against a future Napoleon. French revolutionary ideas also inspired and influenced Marxist revolutionary movements such as the Bolsheviks in Russia who followed the pattern established in France of large scale executions of the enemies of the people by impersonal government organs.
May 23, The Estates General The French government developed the Estates General to show, at any given time, that they had the support of the French people. There are three estates in the Estates Generals, and they all had one vote.
The First estate was the clergy.
The higher clergy consisted of nobles, while the lower clergy were basically commoners, and were parish priests. The clergy also ran schools, kept records, and supported the poor.
The higher clergy often lived in Paris and Versailles; liven extravagantly while parish priests led a hard life, living simply. It would be very reasonably to say that the lower clergy resented the higher clergy, for living better quality lives but doing much less work.
The Second estate was the nobility. Nobles held the highest positions at court, in the church, and in government. Nobles had many privileges, and we as good as exempt from paying taxes. They had the ability to collect taxes from the peasants on their land, including old feudal taxes that should have been irrelevant in the day, but were collected so the noble could live extravagantly.
The nobles owned between 20 and 30 percent of the land in France, but consisted of about 1. Ironically, it was these nobles who offered their estates as places to hold salons, when the philosophes were the ones who ended up criticizing the nobles.
Under nobility there was nobility of the robe and nobility of the sword. Nobility of the sword are the old and traditional nobility, who have been around since the middle ages.
These were the nobles seen at court, extravagantly prominent at Versailles, and these were the nobles who ran the provinces. Thought they held the most prestige, many of these nobles had small incomes, which were spent making them look wealthy.
Nobility of the robe, though they had some prestige, were not nearly as prestigious as those of the sword. The monarchy needed money, and the soon-to-be-nobles had money, so kings were glad to give titles and positions for chunks of wealth.
Influential people of the revolution will come in later. What is the third estate? What has it been heretofore in the political order?Before the revolution, French society was divided into three estates or orders: the First Estate (clergy), Second Estate (nobility) and Third Estate (commoners).
With around 27 million people or 98 percent of the population, the Third Estate was the largest of the three by far. 24 Comments.
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The outbreak of the French Revolution in the summer of stirred the imagination of nearly all Europeans. The French revolutionaries - that is, those men and women who made conscious choices - sensed in their hearts and minds that they were witnessing the birth of a new age.
Transcript of The French Revolution From The 3rd Estate Perspective As price for bread went up, so did the violence. A large sum of people, people, mostly women, had stormed the Bastille looking for weapons and gunpowder to arm themselves.
98 people were killed and 73 were wounded. The Old Regime and the Revolution: Notes on the French Revolution and Napoleon by Alexis de Tocqueville. the classic first published in , still the single most important source on the beginnings of the French Revoltion.
Before the revolution the French people were divided into 3 groups: the 1st estate consisted of the clergy, the second estate of the nobility and the third estate of the. The Third Estate would become a very important early part of the French Revolution.
In the aftermath of France's decisive aid to the colonists in the American War of Independence, the French crown found itself in a terrible financial position.