How to Use Brackets Tips for using brackets parentheses effectively Writers, have you ever found yourselves with a great deal of important information that you want to include in a sentence but had difficulty finding a spot for all of it? Fitting everything into a sentence can be tricky, but this is where brackets are useful. Brackets parentheses are punctuation marks used within a sentence to include information that is not essential to the main point. Information within parentheses is usually supplementary; were it removed, the meaning of the sentence would remain unchanged.
No Comments One of the most confusing types of punctuation to use and become comfortable with are dashes and hyphens.
It is my hope to provide you with a helpful guide—so that you too may become a dash master. Hyphens are a single line and are found on the typical qwerty keyboard next to the zero key.
They look like this: Just as the letter M is twice the size and number of peaks as the letter N, the EM dash is twice the size of the EN dash.
You can write an EN dash on the typical word processor by typing a space then two hyphens in a row and hitting enter or writing another word and adding a space. It looks like this: EM dashes can replace commas, colons, semicolons, or parentheses. Doing so, often emphasizes what comes after or between the dashes.
His mind focused in on one thing—food, She was the mom friend—a name she wore with pride—so, of course, she had Band-Aids, etc. It is mostly used for emphasis and using it too much can make it loose this impact.
EM dashes can be used in dialogue to indicate an interruption. This interruption can be a character interruption, such as another character interjecting or a loud sound causing the speaker to break off.
Or, it can be a narrative interruption taking place in the text. Two consecutive EM Dashes in the middle of a word indicate that a portion of the word is missing. You can use this to block out a name or swear word, or to indicate that part of a word is unknown or unclear.
J—s, It sounded like: EN dashes are used to span and connect. One of their most common uses is to connect two numbers. These numbers can be years, page numbers, scores or anything.
Your homework is to read pages 14 — 25, I attended the — seminar, etc. You can also use it to represent a connection between two ideas. Some examples of this are: Hyphens are used in compound nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Sugar-free, user-generated, fair-haired, well-known, etc.
You can choose to use an EN dash in place of a hyphen in compound adjectives, but this is your prerogative.Business Writing Proper Punctuation SEMI-COLONS Semi-colons (the comma with the dot above it) are most often used in two main places: lists where the items in the list have commas in them and to join two sentences together.
The em dash also can make prose seem disjointed and stuttery, almost as if you put little thought into your writing — putting phrases that should come earlier at the end of a sentence, for example.
Em dashes are easily edited out, and the clumsy sentences rewritten. What this handout is about. This handout explains the most common uses of three kinds of punctuation: semicolons (;), colons (:), and dashes (—).
After reading the handout, you will be better able to decide when to use these forms of punctuation in your own writing. Is it valid to use em dashes in formal writing? My teacher said it's informal to use em dashes under any circumstances, so I just wanted to make sure.
I've gone through several related questions in. Business Writing Talk, tips, and best picks for writers on the job. read the lead article in my e-newsletter, Better Writing at Work, this month. Subscribe here. February 28, in Frequently Asked Questions Other punctuation--namely, commas and dashes--seemed more efficient.
I will continue to think about your question. In this sentence, dashes are used because it seems informal and the clause inside the dashes needs some emphasis. The emphasis is added in order to show that Tony could do nothing in this situation.
The writer could have used parentheses, but parentheses may have been too formal for this situation.